by Sayantani Sanyal
January 25, 2022
New programming languages are emerging every day, ensuring efficiency in systems and applications
During the beginning of the 2000s, the programming landscape started changing up to a great extent. More and more computer machines started shipping with multiple processors and even individual processors had more than one core. As years passed by, there has been a resurgent interest in functional programming, a paradigm that tries to eliminate side effects as much as possible. As we approach 2022, it is time to relearn and upskill our knowledge of programming. With every passing year, experts are developing several efficient and professional new programming languages, proven to be a boon in a modern programmer’s life. In this article, we have listed the top programming languages that are the latest in the industry and might prove helpful to learn in 2022.
Julia is a high-level, high-performance, a dynamic programming language that has many features and is quite well-suited for numerical analysis and computational science. Julia is distinct from the rest of the languages due to its type system with parametric polymorphism and that too in a dynamic language, with multiple dispatches at its core programming paradigm.
Rust is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language that is designed for performance and safety, especially safe concurrency. It is blazingly fast and memory-efficient and possesses a rich type system and ownership model. It can achieve memory safety without any garbage collection, and reference counting is optional.
Elixir is a dynamic, functional language that is used for building scalable and maintainable applications. The language can leverage the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed, and fault-tolerant systems. Elixir also provides productive tooling and an extensible design.
Apache Groovy is a multi-faceted language for the Java platform. It is a powerful, optionally typed, and dynamic language with static typing and static compilation capabilities for the Java platform, aimed at improving developer productivity. It integrates smoothly with any Java program and immediately delivers powerful features, including scripting capabilities, domain-specific language authoring, and much more.
Kotlin is a cross-platform, statistically-typed, general-purpose programming with type inference. It is designed to interoperate fully with Java so that the users can entirely utilize the facilities provided by the JVM frameworks and libraries. The language also possesses great support from its ever-growing global community.
Clojure is a dynamic, general-purpose programming language that combines the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multi-thread programming. Even though it is a compiled language, it remains dynamic and provides easy access to Java frameworks with optional type hints and type inference to ensure calls to Java can avoid reflection.
Dart is a programming language that is designed for client development, such as for the web and mobile apps. It is an object-oriented language that is fully optimized for building user interfaces with several features. The language also supports interfaces, mixins, abstract classes, and type inference.
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