How to Write an Essay: A Step-By-Step Guide

An essay is a short piece of writing that requires students to refine a range of skills, such as accurate reading, analysis, comparison and contrast, persuasion, conciseness, clarity, and presentation.

How to Write an Essay

To write an essay, here I’ve listed vital points that you must include when you go for writing an essay. So, let’s have a look at Guide: How to Write an Essay


There are thousands of short pieces of writing (essays) available for college students to choose from, some being broad in content while others being specific to a particular topic or issue. The types of articles are pretty diverse, but they all share several similarities, particularly regarding content. It is a requirement for each student to complete a few short stories in high school, but the amount of editing required for the final product can vary greatly. The articles in this guide are geared to be more generic because, unlike the stories in school, they are not expected to be read regularly by your classmates or your teachers. Instead, they will be an excellent resource for reading over when studying for a specific class.

Topic Selection

Your topic is what you want to write about, but that topic also requires a strong thesis statement, a clear answer to the question “Why should you care?” You’ll find that many writing tips recommend that students begin by selecting their topic to limit their time researching and writing. The exception to this is for the skill known as thesis writing, which deals with answering the question “Why should you care?” In a good thesis statement, your argument for why your topic is worth your attention and time is straightforward and doesn’t contradict the reasoning of your thesis statement. Your choice of topic is essential. Questions to Ask Yourself Before Starting The questions you ask yourself before writing an essay depend on the issue you are writing about.

Topic Analysis

Your topic analysis should take as little as 5 minutes, but it should take at least 15 minutes. A practical topic analysis offers concrete, measurable examples of each of the essay’s key points. So, how should you approach your topic analysis? There are two important ways to proceed: Analyze the essay your sample recipient has written (see No. 2 below). Use the topic analysis to help you choose a topic for your essay. Excerpted from Writing Effective Essays: A Guide to Students’ Writing and Scholarship (Summit Publishers, 2009) EXCERPT: Excerpting from An Essay For three pages, he does not say anything. He merely asks questions that interest him. Now I know what he wants, and I will write an article about it.


Before writing an essay, students should ensure they have adequate knowledge of the topic and be familiar with its background. After research, students should draft the paper using a thesis, thesis statement, supporting argument, and conclusion. Developing topic ideas and clarifying the topics within the essay Now that the student has gained some background information on the subject, the best way to establish issues is to ask other people on the Internet or find additional research resources to develop the essay topic. The term thesis statement, in this example, is the main idea behind the article that the writer wants to show.

Essay Structure

A well-written essay has a clear outline that addresses the prompt at hand. It must:

  1. Start with a thesis.
  2. Inform with specific examples and evidence.
  3. Dispel the myths on which the prompt relies on.

An essay should never begin with “I think.” It is your job to make an argument for the most compelling perspective. Essay Prompts almost any writing prompt is fair game for an essay. Many essay prompts allow students to present the information in a particular order, sometimes through a story, a visual presentation, or a combination of both. Writing prompts include: “Why I Am Reading,” “What did I Think about the Book,” “What is My Opinion,” “About What?” “How Do I Feel About It?


Writing an essay requires a lot of time and patience. Don’t rush, and always make sure to express your ideas and opinions fully. You cannot use even the best essay if it lacks the last crucial step, correct proofreading. Proofreading is the key to creating a successful paper. I recommend spending a little time on each essay to make sure all errors have been avoided. A skilled proofreader can save your paper from multiple rejections.

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