What Is the Android Debug Bridge? How to Use ADB for Beginners

Android Debug Bridge (ADB) is a command-line software constructed into Android’s SDK. It permits you to talk with a tool and carry out varied actions, corresponding to putting in and debugging apps, copying information forwards and backwards, and accessing Unix shell to run instructions.

You should use ADB to tweak hidden settings, arrange apps at the side of ADB to allow highly effective options, and improve the general machine expertise. We’ll present you how one can arrange ADB and study vital shell instructions to carry out helpful actions.

How ADB Works

ADB is a client-server program that features three parts:

Shopper: The consumer run adb instructions from a shell or script in your growth machine. Its position is to ship instructions to the server.

Daemon (adbd): The daemon runs as a background course of in your machine. Its objective is to attach with the ADB server by way of USB or TCP for emulators. The ADB server contemplate a tool “on-line” when it efficiently join with the daemon.

Server: The server runs as a background course of in your growth machine. Its objective is to sense the USB port once you connect or take away the machine, preserve a listing of linked units, and assign completely different states to every of them like “on-line,” “offline,” “bootloader,” and “restoration.”


Once you invoke the “adb” command, the consumer will first examine if the adb server is working or not. If not, the server tries to attach with the daemon till it finds them. As soon as it does, you’ll obtain the authorization request in your machine and bind it to the native TCP port. From right here onwards, it should proceed to take heed to that particular port for instructions.

Establishing ADB on Your Units

ADB bundle is already included within the “Android SDK Platform Instruments” constructed into the Android Studio. Should you’re an informal consumer or simply getting began with the ADB, you don’t want to put in an IDE. Head to the Android SDK Platform Instruments and choose the hyperlink in your working system.

download adb from sdk platform tools website

Since Google periodically updates the platform instruments, there are possibilities that one thing could go mistaken whereas upgrading it. We advocate utilizing a bundle supervisor to routinely replace the ADB and set the Setting Variable (on Home windows) or PATH (on Mac) for you. Right here’s our information on how one can arrange and use Chocolatey for Home windows and Homebrew for Mac to handle ADB.

Allow USB Debugging on Android

Open the Settings app and navigate to About Cellphone. Scroll all the way in which down and faucet the Construct Quantity seven occasions. You’ll get a message saying, “you’re now a developer.” Head again to Settings > System, then faucet Superior to disclose Developer Choices. In right here, allow USB Debugging.

At floor degree, USB Debugging allows your machine to speak with a pc that’s working Android SDK. To know extra, learn our information on how USB Debugging mode works in Android.

Setup ADB on Home windows

Open File Explorer and browse to the placement the place you saved the ZIP file. Proper-click and extract the contents of the zip file to C:platform-tools. Plug your machine into the PC and alter the USB mode to “File Switch” mode. Some OEMs could or could not require this, you could depart it on this mode for compatibility.

Press and maintain the Shift key and right-click the platform-tools folder that incorporates the ADB bundle. Select Open PowerShell window right here.

execute command from platform tools folder

Then, sort in

./adb units

Be aware: In PowerShell, be certain to place the dot-forward slash earlier than the “adb units” command. You’ll not must insert dot-forward slash in case you’re utilizing CMD.

In your machine, you’ll see a immediate with a message saying Enable USB Debugging in your cellphone. Examine the All the time enable from this laptop and faucet OK. Re-enter the “./adb machine” command, and if all the pieces is profitable, you’ll see the machine’s serial quantity.

list of attached device after enabling usb debugging

Whereas the above process will work, your Android machine could generally fail to attach over the ADB. Seek the advice of our information on steps you may take to repair the ADB connection in a Home windows PC.

Setup ADB on Mac

Open Finder and extract the zip file to your most well-liked location, both Desktop or Downloads. Plug your machine into the Mac and alter the USB mode. Open Terminal and kind within the path of the platform-tools folder

cd /Customers/[UserName]/Downloads/platform-tools

Then, sort in

adb units

In your machine, settle for the “Enable USB Debugging” immediate and faucet OK to at all times enable the connection. Re-enter the “adb machine” command to see your machine serial quantity.

list of attached device after executing adb command mac

Setup ADB Wirelessly with Android

Establishing ADB over USB is seamless and requires a fancy process. However, there are some disadvantages of utilizing this methodology. First, the variety of units you may plug-in rely on the out there ports. Second, there could possibly be a problem with the motive force compatibility.

You may take away these problems whereas organising ADB over Wi-Fi. This methodology is feasible utilizing ADB’s “tcpip” and “join” instructions that can assist you use the machine wirelessly. However to execute these instructions, your machine ought to be plugged through USB.

Should you’re on Android 11 (with SDK platform software model 30 or higher) and above, you should utilize wi-fi debugging to pair your machine with the pc. This methodology makes use of a brand new command known as “pair” and works much like Bluetooth pairing.

Head to Settings > Developer Choices > Allow Wi-fi Debugging. Choose Pair machine with pairing code. Pay attention to the pairing code, IP deal with, and port quantity.

Comply with the process as above, then sort in

adb pair ipaddr:port

Change “ipaddr” with the IP deal with and “port” with the port quantity. When prompted, enter the pairing code you acquired beforehand. If all the pieces is profitable, you’ll see a message that your machine is paired.

wireless adb commands terminal mac

Helpful ADB Instructions

There’s so much ADB can do, and generally, it’s helpful for each informal customers and builders. Here’s a checklist of instructions that you could be discover helpful. The inverted commas used within the instructions are only for illustration functions.

  • adb units: Exhibits which ADB supported units are linked to your laptop.
  • adb reboot: restarts your cellphone.
  • adb set up “path_to_apk”: Set up an app.
  • adb pull “distant native”: Copy a file and its sub-directories from the machine. Change native/distant with the paths to the goal file/listing in your machine (native) and on machine (distant).
  • adb push “native distant”: Copy a file and its sub-directories to the machine.
  • adb kill-server: Terminate the adb server course of and restart it.
  • adb fastboot: Allows the fastboot mode.
  • adb assist: Shows the assistance documentation of ADB instructions.
  • adb uninstall “bundle title”: Uninstall an app.

Listing All of the Android Packages:

adb shell pm checklist packages

Print the checklist of packages. Sort in “-d” to point out solely disabled packages, “-e” to point out solely enabled packages, “-s” to point out solely system packages.

list of packages

Take away Undesirable Pre-Put in Apps:

adb shell pm uninstall -k --user 0 <bundle title>

With this command, you may uninstall pre-installed apps with out rooting your machine. Package deal title refers back to the title of the .apk file. You should use a free app known as App Inspector to search out the bundle title.

Listing App Parts:

An app’s parts are issues like its actions, companies, and extra. With this command, you may launch hidden actions or ship a broadcast with particular knowledge.

adb shell dumpsys bundle <bundle title>

See the checklist of actions beneath Exercise Resolver Desk and Service Resolver Desk for companies.

list app components

Attempt These ADB Apps to Allow Highly effective Options

At first look, the setup process appears sophisticated—nevertheless it isn’t laborious. It’s good to observe the steps sequentially and be aware any errors. Since now you understand about ADB instructions, strive these apps and configure ADB to get extra management over your Android machine.

Typing Commands Using a Typewriter
5 Sensible ADB Instructions Each Android Consumer Ought to Know

Should you’ve by no means tried ADB on Android, this is how one can get began with a number of easy and sensible instructions.

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