The Benefits of Symbolic AI in NLP Models



by Analytics Perception

February 11, 2022

Symbolic AI

Symbolic AI is NLP fashions delivers each decrease computational prices and extra insightful and correct outcomes.

Pure language accommodates many ambiguities. As kids, we discovered in regards to the world through symbolism, and with every new encounter, our minds added logical guidelines and shaped relationships round ideas, objects, and extra. Whereas people can simply disambiguate that means in context by leveraging experiences and studying, the automated interpretation of language stays a problem for expertise.

Synthetic intelligence (AI) is more and more delivering on its potential. As an example, by means of pure language processing (NLP), a phase of AI, computer systems can now interpret human language. In flip, they’ll successfully talk with digital assistant machines to serve prospects and prospects. Sounds nice, however such developments come at a steep value and devour loads of knowledge, time and processing assets when pushed by machine studying (ML). And in any case this funding, you continue to run the danger of less-than-accurate outcomes.

But, outfitted with the appropriate AI technique, enterprises can sidestep these challenges. Often called symbolic AI, this strategy for NLP fashions delivers each decrease computational prices and extra insightful and correct outcomes.

 

Symbolic logic

As talked about, we study language context by means of related relationships from childhood and thru training. A symbolic strategy works the identical approach, however for AI methods. It embeds a data graph, a repository constructed to incorporate the idea of a language and the relationships between these ideas. Generally used for NLP and pure language understanding (NLU), symbolic AI then leverages the data graph, to grasp the that means of phrases in context and follows IF-THEN logic construction; when an IF linguistic situation is met, a THEN output is generated.

This methodology helps to handle a serious flaw typically related to AI – the black field, the place a system performs duties and reaches outcomes that may’t be audited or defined creates an enormous downside, significantly with regards to issues over privateness and bias. The black field state of affairs is endemic of essentially the most identified AI method, ML, and presents an unacceptable degree of danger for enterprise whereas points might injury a popularity, deter and even hurt shoppers, and undermine assist for future AI initiatives.

Symbolic AI makes it simple to create clear and explainable guidelines for full transparency. And with the flexibleness to write down your individual guidelines, the logic behind symbols delivers a bunch of advantages.

 

Benefits and accuracy

If you construct an algorithm with ML alone, modifications to enter knowledge can produce mannequin drift, requiring you to retrain the mannequin and check it once more. Then again, a symbolic strategy to NLP permits you to simply overcome this as a result of you possibly can perceive the logic, establish the problem and revise guidelines, saving time and computational assets.

A scarcity of language-based knowledge could be a main downside with regards to coaching an ML mannequin, too. ML wants large quantities of information simply to rise up and operating, by no means thoughts for frequently working. With a symbolic strategy to AI, the flexibility to develop and refine guidelines can allow enterprises to work with smaller knowledge units.

What’s extra, a symbolic strategy delivers larger accuracy out of the field. It accomplishes this by assigning a that means to every phrase primarily based on context and embedded data. That is referred to as disambiguation and it’s confirmed key to the very best NLP/NLU fashions.

 

Capitalizing on compatibility

Symbolic AI and ML aren’t mutually unique. In truth, they work greatest mixed in a hybrid mannequin, enabling firms to capitalize on the strengths of every. Some AI platforms are designed with the flexibleness to accommodate such a hybrid strategy, incorporating symbolic, ML, and even deep studying.

This makes NLP duties resembling categorization and knowledge mining simpler. Additional, you possibly can develop an NLP resolution utilizing the symbolic method for one set of information, use ML for one more, then merge them each in a pipeline format for max efficiency.

 

Instances for symbolic and hybrid AI

The power to harness unstructured language knowledge from paperwork, social content material, and emails and switch it into actionable insights is beneficial in a variety of use circumstances. Listed here are some examples of how enterprises are making use of symbolism and hybrid to handle ache factors.

  • Insurance coverage: This business manages loads of unstructured linguistic knowledge from an array of codecs. With the appropriate symbolic applied sciences, insurance coverage firms can extract key info to assist coverage critiques and danger assessments. This reduces danger and workflow redundancy whereas enabling underwriters to assessment greater than 4 instances as many claims.
  • Media and Publishing: The shift to digital has made media and publishing significantly aggressive. Robust engagement is crucial whereas customers now determine what content material they may learn at-a-glance. With symbolic AI, retailers can efficiently course of, categorize and tag greater than 1.5 million information articles a day. This makes it easy to establish key phrases and matters readers are most keen on at scale.
  • Banking: Regardless of tech developments, banking continues to lag behind in digitization. This makes it tough to deal with excessive volumes of customer support calls, emails and on-line info requests. From knowledge-based FAQs to e-mail automation and classification to the collections course of, the appropriate AI platform can overcome such hurdles through the companies provide chain.

Symbolic AI is fortifying NLP with its flexibility, implementation ease, and newfound accuracy. It performs nicely when paired with ML in a hybrid strategy. And it’s all completed with out excessive computational prices. Transferring forward, whereas making a case for symbolic AI will not be a difficulty, explaining to the c-suite why you didn’t might very nicely be.

 

Writer:

Luca Scagliarini

As Chief Product Officer (CPO), Luca is accountable for main the product administration operate and overseeing the corporate’s product technique. Beforehand, Luca held the roles of EVP Technique & Enterprise Growth and CMO at expert.ai and served as CEO and co-founder of semantic promoting spinoff ADmantX. In his profession, he held senior advertising and marketing and enterprise improvement positions at Soldo, SiteSmith, Hewlett Packard, and Think3. Luca acquired an MBA from Santa Clara College and a level in Engineering from the Polytechnic College of Milan, Italy. He blogs often in regards to the real-world purposes of AI and cognitive computing for in the present day and tomorrow.

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